Lots of controversies I almost always hear about that “Does Artificial intelligence (AI) beat Human Intelligence (HI)?”
Yes, definitely this question comes in our mind since we can see the maximum capabilities of AI. At this era where we’re standing, we can say that Artificial Intelligence is a miracle invention of human brains. We will be able to depend on it almost entirely within a very short time that we can predict. It has made possible lots of impossible things which were beyond our imaginations. So in my today’s writing, I’ll try to solve the answer for those who are more curious to know about this answer, based on few logic and an illustration.
In a short, we can say Artificial Intelligence is an intelligence which is been developed by a software or a machine. AI research is highly technical and specialized and is deeply divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other. AI research is also divided by several technical issues. A few subfields focus on to solve the critical reasoning. The supreme area and problem where Artificial intelligence is working are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. The more areas are includes recently which are statistical methods, computational intelligence, and traditional symbolic Artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence has another core part which is machine learning. Machine learning and data science are both dominating modern world. Different Startup’s around the world which are focusing on machine learning & data science, exploring new business innovations and bring success with the combination of both. Recently Microsoft has cited a study that noted over the past two years, above $1 billion of venture capital invested in machine learning & data science. For the new cohort about cognitive technologies which is considered one of the prominent technologies of future, Microsoft made a cross-country tour in US & Canada across twelve cities to select 10 new Startup for investment.
It’s been an almost millennium, we have been hearing lots of prognosis about AI (Artificial Intelligence) that, it will take over the world. At the 18th century, a couple of scientists predicted that within 10 years a digital would be the world’s chess champion. Though it happened at 1996, but their predictions didn’t go wrong. They also predicted that within 3 to 8 years there will be a machine with a general Intelligence of an average human being. British mathematician Alan Turing was one of the first human who came up with the idea of machines that think in 1950. Turing test, which he had created is still used today, as a benchmark to determine a machine’s ability to think like a human. And after then, in the mid-1950 after Turing died, the term Artificial Intelligence got very well known to people. Elon Musk, The founder of Tesla, Stephen hawking had described the promising future of AI technology. Today we all know, AI is using at every single sector and every single thing. At this century, AI is taking place in our everyday lives. We are hoping, tomorrow’s world will be replaced by Robot instead of employees in the firms and also in every sector.
Human intelligence refers actually functions of our mind which is developed by the capabilities to learn from the past incidents, experiences, lessons from our parents, teachers, friends and surroundings, accustomed with new circumstances, approaching towards the intellectual ideas and the ability to turn our own environment using acquired knowledge.
Core Differences between Artificial Intelligence and Human intelligence:
1) Human intelligence (HI) focuses around accustoming to the environment using its cognitive process whereas Artificial intelligence (AI) focuses on outlining machines that can work like human behavior. Human intelligence is the outcome of the natural evolutionary system, but Artificial means which is created by human.
2) Human intelligence is a specimen of the genuine circumstance whereas AI is an attempt to model it. And in science, there is a differentiation between the actual circumstance and its equivalent model.
3) HI uses content memory and schema but AI is using the built in, outlining by scientist memory.
4) HI is bigger but AI, as the name suggests, is artificial and temporary. HI is dependable but AI is not, though there are people who debate that human makes more mistakes compared to AI.
Recently in this year, a major development of AI is, a computing system developed by Google researchers has beaten a top human player at the game of GO (Go is played on a grid of black lines (usually 19×19). Game pieces, called stones, are played on the lines’ intersections.), the ancient eastern contest. A machine has topped the best human at most games keep up as measures of human intellect, including chess, scrabble, Othello, even in jeopardy! But with go which is a 2500-year-old game, that’s more complicated than chess.
So, as we can see, what we’re thinking today and predicting about AI, AI proves and solves those complexities faster than our imaginations. So based on the recent illustrations and the differences between Human intelligence and Artificial intelligence, as I have mentioned here in above, I can say, In near future AI has the potentialities that it can beat individual top intelligence human beings based on its own adaptive experiences, studies, and knowledge but when the question comes that whether it can develop its own intelligence by itself then answer will be “NO” which clearly refers its limitations to human intelligence.
AI is researching & developing by gathering top human intelligence and make it enable to solve cognitive complexities and thus in near future it will be able to beat top individual intelligence if it already made enriched itself with that specific database in itself.
Take handwriting recognition. Backprop neural networks not only beat humans at recognizing letters and handwriting, but they do so consistently and are able to read letters faster. The irony is that AI is able to read internet capture codes better than people can.